1.1matthewintro 80'S CE in Palestine Donald Senior, What are they Saying About Matthew(New York: Paulist Press, 1996), 19.
2. Rome and Jerusalem destroyed by Romans in 70CE. Daniel J.Harrington, The Gospel of Matthew, Sacra Pagina Vol.1, (Collegeville Minnesota: The Liturgical Press, 1991), 2.
3. 10% (now arguably) of population of Roman Empire was Jewish Gregory Cochran, Henry Harpending, "Jews in the Roman Empire" (Utah:West Hunter) s [accessed 24th October 2016].
4. Hellenism based on Greek philosophy Brendan Byrne, A Costly Freedom: A Theological Reading of Mark's Gospel (Strathfield: St Pauls publications, 2008),1.
5. Jewish revolt in late 60's Favius Josephus The Works of Josephus trans. William Whiston [1737][accessed 14 July 2013].
6. Other cultures were absorbed into Hellenism. Martin Hengel, Judaism and Hellenism, trans. John Bowden (London SCM Press Ltd, 1981), 102.
7. Jews believed they were chosen by God. Hengel, Judaism and Hellenism, 493/181.
8. Conformity of Jews to Hellenistic culture Lee I Levine Judaism and Hellenism in Antiquity: Conflict or confluence? (Peabody, Massachusetts University, 1988), 181
9. Jews resisted blood sports Hengel, Judaism and Hellenism, 68-9.
10. Jews faithful to the Law Martin Hengel,The 'Hellenization' of Judaea in the First Century after Christ. In Collaboration with Christoph markschies, Trans. John Bowden (London:SCM Press Ltd, 1989), 30.
11. People of the Book Rabbi Nechemia Coopersmith, editor-in-chief "People of the book" ( [accessed 24th October 2016].
12. More emphasis on external law Harrington, The Gospel of Matthew, 15.
13. Mainstream Jews looking for leadership from the Pharisees Senior, What are they Saying About Matthew, 8.
14. Decree from Jamnia Senior, What are they Saying About Matthew, 9.
15. Teachings of Jesus passed on in household gatherings Senior, What are they Saying About Matthew, 94.
16. Heavy reliance on memory for learning J.H.Humphrey, Literacy in the Roman World, Journal of Roman Archaeology Supplementary Series, no. 3. Pp.198; 9 figures. Reviewed by Callie Williamson, Indiana University Classical Review 03.03.07 (Pennsylvania:Bryn Mawr College) [accessed 24th October 2016].
Matthew's gospel divided c/f "After Jesus finished saying these things.."
Benjamin Bacon Studies in Matthew (London: Constable, 1930), 81.
18.4matthewa Fishing industry around Galilee K.C.Hanson, "The Galilean Fishing Economy and the Jesus Tradition," Biblical Theology Bulletin 27, no 2 (Albany N.Y.: Biblical Theology Bulletin Inc. 1997).
19.8matthewc The Q source Senior, What are the Saying About Matthew, 22.
20.14matthewd Mark written around 70 CE James McLaren, Turbulent times? Josephus and scholarship on Judawa in the first century CE (Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press, 1998).
21.Fire in Rome c/f Cornelius Tacitus The annals of imperial Rome, trans. Michael Grant (Harmondsworth,Middlesex:Penguin, 1977).
22. Nero's soldiers going from house to house c/f Francis Moloney, Mark, Storyteller, Interpreter, Evangelist (Peabody, Massachusetts: Hendrickson Publishers 2004), 9.
23. After Jesus had said these things.. Bacon Studies in Matthew, 81.